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Disasters are also interconnected through their effect on people and the environment, both the intermediate aftermath of the disaster and their cascading effects.

It is important to remember these impacts and attempt to remediate them and the root causes that brought them about. They can create conditions of further vulnerability or exposure to a hazard and could become building blocks of a disaster in the future.

Select an impact to learn more.

Reduction of people’s ability to support themselves or their family, both temporarily or permanently, is an impact that is interconnected with many others, including health and food security

Just like people, nature also feels the impacts of systems tipping and various hazards resulting in threats to health and physical damage to individuals, populations, communities or entire ecosystems

Even those surviving disasters or tipping point impacts when they occur can be at risk of short- and long-term health impacts cascading from pollution, damage of critical infrastructure, livelihood disruption or other consequences of systems being affected

Disasters cause fatalities both when they occur and in the aftermath with cascading effects on physical and mental health

Public and private structures and systems can be affected by disasters and risk tipping points impacts, from homes and properties to physical assets critical for providing health services, transport, food, water, communications and more

Tipping point impacts and disasters can force people to move from their homes due to the loss of shelter, livelihoods or the risk of further incidents occurring. People may be temporarily displaced or urged to migrate to other areas

Water security can be impacted by tipped systems and disasters when sufficient availability or access to water for health and livelihoods is disrupted. Water sources can also get contaminated and make vectors for other risks

Through their impacts on natural and agricultural systems, supply chains and economies, the impacts of tipping points and disasters can put access to the foods we depend on for survival at risk

The progressive loss of safety nets, or the tools we have at our disposal to help buffer our vulnerability or help us to bounce back after various system shocks and extreme events.

The loss of known or unknown resources will leave little room for future generations to benefit from or build onto our current systems and knowledge

loss or damage to physical or intangible attributes that provide cultural meaning, knowledge, and belonging

Explore more from the 2023 report