Raphael Pouget

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In between root causes and disasters are the cascading underlying factors that increase vulnerability and exposure. These factors can cause more severe impacts when a hazard or extreme event occurs. We call these underlying factors the drivers of disaster risk.

Select a driver to learn more.

Increasing temperatures in the ocean or atmosphere, for example from climate change

Infrastructure vulnerable to extreme events, often due to lack of investment, maintenance, inadequate planning or poor construction.

A prolonged shortage of water supply, often due to extended periods of insufficient rainfall.

Intentional mass removal of trees, often for resource extraction or changing land use.

An absent or poorly communicated warning of a hazard’s impending arrival.

Absence or ineffective enforcement of regulations connected to other risk drivers

Landscape change via increasing growth and expansion of cities and neighbourhoods.

Planned and controlled criminal activities that perpetuate a hazard or vulnerability.

Any product or substance in a concentration harmful for human or environmental health

Human activities altering the natural function or flow of freshwater bodies including rivers, lakes, wetlands and groundwater reservoirs.

Lack of foresight to act on an oncoming problem

Exceptionally high exposure to risks as a result of a certain behaviour

Explore more from the 2023 report