Our food production relies on various complex systems in human societies that are embedded in nature. For example, for our food we are dependent on climate and the availability of water resources, nutrients or pollinators. In an interconnected world the impacts of risk tipping points cause ripple effects through these food systems, putting our food security at risk. .
Disasters can impact food security in different ways. Sometimes, they directly damage food production areas, for example when a drought or storm destroys crops and livestock or breaks supply chains by which people buy and sell food. Other times, disasters can indirectly reduce food access by leaving households financially unable to purchase basic food products.