Some disasters damage infrastructure and ecosystems essential for income generation or otherwise remove or reduce the potential for people to earn a living.
When disasters occur, the impacts are often felt long after the event itself has passed. Disasters almost always affect livelihoods and reduce people’s ability to support themselves in the future. In some cases, the disruption to livelihoods can take years to recover from, particularly in areas that experience a greater frequency of recurring disasters. In other instances, livelihood conditions are unlikely to ever return to their previous condition. For those with limited options for alternative livelihoods, the risk of poverty is heightened, and so in turn is their vulnerability to future disasters. Therefore, although disasters can strike anywhere, the poverty-disaster cycle is the most vicious in the most vulnerable regions.