Secure livelihoods

Schermbrucke / UNICEF
S Ecure Livelihood}

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While solutions to build the resilience of infrastructure and institutions are being developed and implemented, people living in disaster-prone areas with limited financial means may already be coping with the impacts of recent disasters or struggling to build resilience to the next one.

In our interconnected world, reducing the vulnerability of society to disasters means ensuring that plans and policies are in place that can provide a safety net for people when disasters hit their homes and livelihoods, both in the aftermath of a disaster and to build resilience before one arrives, a part of what is known as social protection.


On 14 August 2021, Haiti was hit by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake with an epicentre in the Canal du Sud (120 km west of the capital, Port-au-Prince). The earthquake killed over 2,200 people and injured more than 12,000.

On 1 September 2021, remnants of Hurricane Ida, the costliest disaster of 2021, brought historic rainfall to New York City, triggering the city’s first-ever flash flood alerts as water flooded streets, subway stations and apartments.

Southern Madagascar’s worst drought in 40 years led to severe stress on vegetation, triggering a drastic decline in rice, maize and cassava production. By December 2021, more than 1.6 million people were estimated to have been suffering high levels of food insecurity.

On 15 January 2022, the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha'apai volcano eruption was felt across the Pacific Ocean and beyond, releasing energy equivalent to hundreds of Hiroshima nuclear explosions and creating supersonic air pressure waves that were observed from space.

Explore more from the 2023 report