Insufficient disaster risk management refers to shortcomings in governance and policy in preventing disasters, reducing the impact of those that occur and managing existing risks in order to increase resilience and minimize disaster-related losses.
Insufficient disaster risk management can leave societies unprepared for known or new hazards, increase vulnerability, hamper response efforts, and thus increase the likelihood that the hazard turns into a disaster. Disaster preparedness plays a critical role in avoiding and reducing the impacts of disasters. It is influenced both by actions taken to reduce risk and a lack of actions taken to effectively prepare responses. As the frequency and severity of climate-related hazards continue to grow with the effects of climate change, the risks become more complex, making them more challenging to predict and prepare for. All too often, we see that current disaster risk management approaches are not enough to deal with new extremes, or those that occur in unexpected places, sometimes compounding the impacts of other recent or ongoing disasters. Effective risk management requires a new approach that considers the root causes of disasters and their interconnected nature.